A key sign that your baby is well developed, is its weight. Weight tables and Perzentilekurven help the healthy weight development in view to behalten.Vom infant to toddler - the baby's development in the first months and years requires an immense amount of energy that must take the little ones about the food. Are the calories consumed for the physical and mental development of growing your baby continuously and takes expeditiously. The rule of thumb is: Within the first six months, his birth weight doubled until the first birthday it has tripled.
Weight gain is a sign that your baby is developing healthily.
Facts about birth weight
To about the 20th week all babies weigh about the same amount. After that it will gradually individual and develop slowly size differences. From 34 weeks the little place again to right and there is real growth spurts: Around 200 grams put babies at this stage every seven days. At birth, a lot of the newborn brings a weight between 3000 and 4000 grams on the scale. According to a WHO study, the average birth weight of babies in Germany is 3,480 grams.
Impact on birth weight have especially the genes, but also the age of the mother, whether it is the first or second child and the sex of the child. Second or third child of a woman are usually somewhat heavier than the firstborn, as the body is now almost already prepared for the pregnancy, because it has everything you ever played through. In addition, the birth weight of boys is higher than that of girls. The reason: boy eating the womb simply more than girls. From about 30 weeks the little one can actively influence its food supply, so more or less food through the umbilical cord to record. Why boys hold more than girls has not been elucidated. A guess: The small male representatives are more sensitive than their female counterparts. So, to improve their starting opportunities, Mother Nature provides them with a bit more weight.
Of course, other factors also influence the birth weight of the Small: How well the baby through the placenta is supplied with nutrients? Are disorders ago as gestational diabetes? And above all: how the mother eats during pregnancy? High coffee consumption for example, can lower the birth weight. Therefore, the WHO recommends pregnant women to take no more than 300 mg of caffeine per day to himself. This corresponds to about three cups of coffee. By eating right, you can be entirely possible to affect whether your child is a little bundle of joy to the world, or rather has a lower birth weight.
Weight gain in the baby: Only less, then more and more
The weight gain does not start the same once your baby in the world is. The first few days after birth takes your little bundle of happiness that is first in importance from. This is normal and is related to the physical adaptation to life outside the womb. The small body is as it were "booted": He is now responsible for keeping the body temperature for the food receptive and all metabolic processes. And at first all that consumes more energy than your baby consumes. So it can lose within the first five days up to seven percent of its birth weight. No later than the sixth day after the birth of your baby should then increase steadily and has returned to his birth weight by a maximum of two weeks.
Initially, the Gewichtszuname is really fast the baby. In the first three months is about 200 grams per week, over the next three months about 100 to 140 grams per week. By six months, your baby is now already twice as heavy as the day he was born. By the first birthday its weight per week continues to increase around 90 to 120 grams. In the second year it will take us about 40 to 90 grams per week.
By the way: The weight of breast-fed and bottle-fed with the babies can vary greatly. Breastfed babies bring in the first three months usually do more on the scale. But do not worry, simply by breastfeeding you can not feed your baby. By the time the kids start to crawl or take their first steps, they will again slimmer. When bottle feeding and the introduction of complementary foods should, however, take good care of the saturation signals your baby to avoid over-feeding and the risk early obesity.
Weight curve for Baby and Baby Weight Table
Based on the so-called Perzentilekurven Doctor and midwife to determine how developed your baby compared to other children. Is your baby heavier or lighter than other children his age? To the Weight curves of the Robert Koch Institute * You can easily read:
Weight curve for Baby Girl (data: Robert Koch Institute, KiGGS)
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Weight curve for baby boys (data: Robert Koch Institute, KiGGS)
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* The KiGGS percentile for body weight based on a large, nationally representative sample and standardized, uniform quality-controlled measurements of body weight (Robert Koch Institute)
➤ Download: weight curves for babies to be printed (PDF)
On the horizontal axis of the graph, you can read your child's age, on the vertical weight. The drawn percentiles are statistical averages that you can quite simply translate as: The weight percentile indicates what percentage of the same age babies the same gender are lighter than yours. Example: If the values of your baby on the third percentile (P3), only three percent of their peers are even easier, the vast majority of babies weigh more than your. However, if its values at the 97th percentile (P97), 97 percent of peers are lighter than your baby. Her baby would thus have a real bundle of joy compared to its peers. You can find the exact gram numbers of KiGGS Referenzperzentile P3, P50 and P97 in the corresponding weight table:
Weight table for babies (data: Robert Koch Institute, KiGGS)
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➤ Download: Weight table for babies to be printed (PDF)
The weight is documented in the medical check-ups
It is important to consider the weight gain associated. Usually it is so, that the weight of the baby at birth moved continuously in a certain percentile range and there are no major outliers. However, many fluctuations or a permanent level setting to a particularly low or high percentile should be investigated by a doctor.
The growth and weight gains are reviewed and each U1 to U11 checkup documented in the yellow booklet care. So they themselves should not make too much thought about it. As long as your baby is fit and well, regularly and well drinks, wets his diapers at least six times a day and at least once has bowel movements a day, his belly is expansive and small fat deposits form on the fingers, it is developing well. Only in premature and lack births, it is recommended for safety to have a baby scale in the house to keep the weight gain in mind.
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